student and teacher with ipad_GETTY_560x292-thumb-400xauto-29419_edited.jpg

Designing a Model of Computer Science Professional Development for Elementary Educators in Inclusive Classrooms

New computer science standards are being rapidly introduced at the elementary level but little is known about how to prepare teachers to learn and teach the content of these standards, or how to support students with disabilities in learning computer science. Accordingly, we designed and studied the Inclusive Computer Science Model of Professional Development to prepare teachers to integrate computer science for students with disabilities. This paper presents results from this design-based study to understand the factors that inhibited and enhanced teachers’ participation in the professional development and how participation in the professional development influenced teachers’ instruction and perceptions about teaching computer science to students with disabilities. Results revealed two inhibiting factors and one enhancing factor for participation. Further, although teachers did increase their integration of computer science for students with disabilities, it was challenging for teachers to learn and apply new computer science content and approaches for supporting students with disabilities at the same time. Future professional development efforts should focus on careful scaffolding and release of responsibility when preparing teachers to support students with disabilities in learning computer science.. VIEW


Amy Hutchison, Jamie Colwell, Kristie Gutierrez, Anya Evmenova, Jeff Offutt, and Valerie Taylor

Technology and Teacher Education

Girl Playing with Tablet

Programing: What should be mandatory?


Two educators weigh in on one of digital and computer science literacy's hottest topics. VIEW




Sam Patterson and Amy Hutchison



Literacy Today

Elementary Classroom

Recommendations to Support Coding in the Elementary Classroom

The purpose of this article is to provide recommendations for teachers, drawn from research, on how to select apps and begin practices that support computational thinking. VIEW

Anne Estapa, Amy Hutchison, and Larysa Nadolny

Technology and Engineering Teacher

Technology at School

Using coding apps to support literacy instruction and develop coding literacy 

Educators strive to ensure students are prepared for the 21st century. Learn how teachers can use coding apps to blend skill development and content learning to provide rigorous learning opportunities. VIEW

Amy Hutchison, Larysa Nadolny, and Anne Estapa



The Reading Teacher